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LIFE CYCLE: COMPARATIVE APPROACH OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Frolova, M.; Shinkaruk, A.; Makhova, T.; Perumal, P.; Novakova, I.
Abstract:
The construction sector is one of the most material-intensive and power-consuming industries having a negative impact on the environment. The adverse environmental factors include greenhouse gas emissions, depletion of natural raw materials, extensive landfilling or dumping in the sea. In this regard, resource conservation, waste minimization, as well as the reduction of harmful substances emissions into the atmosphere, hydrosphere and soil are considered currently as the most significant environmental challenges. At the same time, the principles of material recycling and recovery are widely implemented in material production practices, as they are crucial for the construction industry. Approaches, such as life cycle assessment (LCA), that could minimize the environmental impact are being actively developed. Usually, the analysis of the environmental balance of products over the life cycle is carried out in stages, starting from the extraction of the raw materials and ending with the stage of the material recycling or processing into new products. This article provides a comparative analysis of successful European practices and analyzes in detail categories used for assessment of the environmental impact of a construction project throughout its life cycle. The larger implementation of these approaches into practice will reduce the negative impact on the environment, as well as comprehensively solve many environmental and material challenges.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
life cycle assessment (LCA); concrete; environment; environmental impact criteria.
Volume:
20
SGEM Book title:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020
Book number:
6.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
375-382
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
18 - 24 August, 2020
ISBN:
978-619-7603-12-5
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, 18 - 24 August, 2020
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2020/6.1/s26.049
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