NEW SGEM Scientific Online eLibrary
After a long time work, our pride is the absolutely new SGEM Online eLibrary, available here. The Library is created according the rules of the International databases, with a whole needed information and ability to export the article in BIB format. Try and spread your experience with us.
Till we complete the new library with papers from all the years, you can use this link /Full Old Library/, if papers that you need are not visible yet here.

X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDY OF HARDENING KINETICS OF NATURAL HYDRAULIC LIME

Reiterman, P.; Davidova, V.; Dolezalova, M.; Bauerova, P.; Keppert, M.
Abstract:
Natural hydraulic lime (NHL) belongs to traditional binders used in civil engineering for centuries. Hydraulic lime (both natural or artificial) may be considered as binder which properties represents a transition between air lime (pure CaO or Ca(OH)2) and Portland cement (PC). It means that NHL contains hydraulic compounds (as PC) and CaO/Ca(OH)2. The significant difference is in calcination temperature – NHL is calcined at lower temperature than Portland clinker i.e. there is lower energy consumption (and carbon footprint) related to NHL. Obviously, due to lower production temperature, NHL does not contain tri-calcium-silicate, the most reactive and desired component of PC. NHL 3.5 used in this study contained 50% of Ca(OH)2 and 40% of hydraulic components (belite C2S and tri-calcium-aluminate C3A). The rest were inactive compounds. The hardening process in NHL based materials thus involves both hydraulic reaction of C2S and C3A, and carbonation of Ca(OH)2. The current utilization of NHL in building practice is found nearly entirely in renovation works of architectural heritage but it might be – thanks to the above mentioned lower energy consumption compared to PC – attractive also in construction of sustainable buildings as a binder in mortars and plasters. The plasticity and durability of such NHL based mortars can be improved by a traditional admixture – linseed oil. This admixture act as water repellent and thus it is not just reducing the sorptivity of the mortar. The present paper deals with influence of linseed oil on hydration/carbonation kinetics of NHL mortar. These processes were monitored by help of X-ray diffraction, accompanied with compressive strength and pore size distribution measurement. It was found that presence of water repealing admixture reduces the rate of hydraulic reaction and carbonation since water is inevitably involved in these processes and consequently the strength increase is slower in the mortar containing linseed oil. The retarding effect was quantified by help of rate constant of modified Jander’s equation.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
natural hydraulic lime; hydration; carbonation; kinetics; X-ray diffraction
Volume:
19
SGEM Book title:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019
Book number:
6.3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
379-386
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
9 - 11 December, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-99-7
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
19th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2019, 9 - 11 December, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2019V/6.3/S09.049
Hits: 985