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POZZOLANA ACTIVE WHEAT STRAW ASH AS ADMIXTURE FOR CEMENT-BASED CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Jankovsky, O.; Sedmidubsky, D.; Zemanova, L.; Pavlikova, M.; Pavlik, Z.
Abstract:
Cement manufacturing has been always ranked in the list of the main sources of carbon emissions among industrial activities. Almost 5-7% of global CO2 emissions are caused by cement plants, while about 900 kg CO2 is emitted to the atmosphere for producing one ton of cement. On this account, there is laid pressure to reduce cement consumption by the use of alternative binders. In this paper, we would like to show that wheat straw ash can be used for the fabrication of construction composites with lower cement content. Biomass ash from packed wheat straw was characterized using X-Ray fluorescence, X-Ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. In the next step, the ash pozzolanic activity was accessed using Chapelle test. Since the examined biomass was pozzolana active, it was used as partial Portland cement replacement in blended binder based pastes. The content of biomass ash in paste mixes was 10, 15 and 20 mass% of cement respectively. The water/binder ratio was 0.4. For the casted paste samples, bulk density, matrix density, and total open porosity were measured. In order to prove pozzolanic character of the wheat straw ash, mechanical resistivity of paste samples was tested. In these tests, compressive strength and flexural strength were measured and strength activity index was calculated. Experimental data showed that an application of biomass as from combustion of wheat straw in the amount up to 20 mass% of cement provided sufficient mechanical resistivity of the cement paste. In summary, the analysed ash was found to be prospective material for concrete industry contributing to the reduction of CO2 emission.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
wheat straw ash; pozzolanic admixture; chemical analysis; mechanical properties.
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017
Book number:
62
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
343-350
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
29 June - 5 July, 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-13-3
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, 29 June - 5 July, 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2017/62/S26.044
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