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A REVIEW CONCERNING COMPOSITE MATERIALS USED IN CONSTRUCTION FIELD

Grebenisan, E.; Dico, C.; Hegyi, A.; Calatan, G.
Abstract:
The field of construction is considered as a priority in terms of influence on the environment. Attention of researchers is now focused on composite materials made from natural or recycled fillers with clay, cementious or polymerics matrices, among which the non-toxic and biodegradable - Eco-composites, are highlighted. These are attractive because they are safer and more environmentally friendly. Eco-composites are a special category of composite materials, using materials that have the least impact on the environment and, eventually, waste and recycled materials.Usually, a low-impact material matrix is selected and the materials from recycling or recovery of some by-products from other industries. This paper is a brief presentation of the composite materials used in the construction field, classified according to the matrix type and to the filler material type (with emphasis on the reinforcing fibers types). The paper presents a series of research results in the field, reported in the literature and an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages, for each case. Starting from what is already known and presented at the moment, it is possible to say that the research is directed towards the identification of new technologies for the production of composite materials with low impact on the environment, durable and according to the concept of "circular economy".
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
composite materials; vegetable fibers; epoxy matrix; eco-composites
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2018
Book number:
6.3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference-SGEM
Pages:
3-10
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
02-08 July, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-52-2
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2018, 02-08 July, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2018/6.3/S26.001
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